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KYIV

It is situated on the banks of the Dnipro. According to a legend Kyiv was founded by three brothers Kyi, Shchek and Khoryv and their sister Lybid more than 15 centuries ago. The city had been the political centre of Kyiv Rus'. The blossoming forth of Kyiv was during the ruling of the prince Volodymyr Svyatoslavovych and Yaroslav Mudryi. The baptism of Ukraine began in Kyiv. In the X-XII centuries Kyiv was one of the biggest cities in Europe. In nearly 1362 Kyivs'ka land became part of Great Lithuanian principality. In 1494 Kyiv recieved the Magdeburg Right. Since 1648 it was a centre of Kyiv regiment.
In 1918 Kyiv was occupied by Moscow troops.
In the August, 24th, 1991 in Kyiv the Supreme Rada proclaimed the independence of Ukraine.
The first symbols of the capital of Ukraine appeared still in the days of Kyiv Rus'. The picture of archangel Michael is connected with the cult of the warrior angel. In the days of Volodymyr Olgerdovych the picture of archangel Michael was not used. But after 1471 in the emblem of Kyivs'ke principality it appeared again. Since the XVI century the white angel on gules field became the official symbol of Kyivs'ke principality. With having the Magdeburg Right an arm with a crossbow appeared on a Magistrate seal. On flags of the Cossacks regiments during the war of 1648-1654 was a picture of Michael piercing a dragon by spear. The picture of Michael appeared also in the emblems of Gadyach, Krolevets' and Ovruch.

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